Breast reduction and breast reconstruction are common procedures performed for medical and personal reasons. It can be very uncomfortable and unhealthy for a woman to have extremely large breasts. They often cause back and breathing problems and can lower self-confidence. Some women with overly large breasts may refrain from exercising and participating in sports which can also have an adverse effect on their overall health.
A breast reduction removes excess skin, fat and glandular tissue from the breasts, leaving them firmer, lighter and smaller. This will create a better proportioned body shape and strain-reduction on the back.
Traditionally, an incision in the shape of an anchor is made around the areola, vertically to the crease and horizontal under the breast. In some cases, the nipples need to be removed and grafted so they are higher, at other times, liposuction may be used in the armpit area.
Breast reconstruction is performed when a breast has been removed; this is common with cancer patients. In many cases, this procedure can be performed directly after a mastectomy so the individual awakes with a breast already in place.
Skin expansion is the most common breast reconstruction technique performed. The surgeon inserts a balloon behind the chest muscle and then injects saltwater into it through a small valve mechanism. This takes place gradually over an extended time period. When the area has been stretched enough, a permanent implant replaces the expander.
In other cases, flap reconstruction is used. Skin is removed from the buttocks, back or abdomen and is tunneled to the chest, under the skin. This either creates a mound or it is used to make a pocket for an implant.
Both varieties of reconstructive surgery require a series of follow-up visits and patients can expect to feel sore. Discomfort can generally be kept under control with medication and most stitches can be removed in 10 days or less.
Contact Weniger Plastic Surgery today for more information.